GRANMA, CUBA Granma, a province that covers 8,371.8 km2 in the south-eastern part of Cuba, is a blend of lush nature, combining sea, mountains and a vast historical tradition. It is the Cuban territory with the greatest number of historical sites and national monuments. Bayamo, its capital, was the second village founded by Spaniards in 1513. It has attractive values ready to charm the visitor, especially along the south coast and in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. The region is distinguished by its pleasant tropical climate and its tourist attractions, located mainly along the southern coast and in the mountainous area of the Sierra Maestra, such as Marea del Portillo beach and nearby cayos, rivers, waterfalls, seabeds and scientifically valuable caves. Read More... The province also includes national parks rich in nature and history such as: The Desembarco del Granma National Park ~ declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO ~ which has the best preserved marine terrace system in the Americas, and the Turquino National Park, where La Comandancia de la Plata (Fidel's Headquarters) and the Pico Real del Turquino (highest elevation in the country) are located.