The highest body of the state government power in Guantánamo is the Provincial Assembly of People's Power, Permanent Labor Commissions, People's Councils and Circumscriptions, as a base government structure, and a Council of Provincial Administration, where they are managed and administered the plans, social and economic programs. In each of the 10 municipalities, there is a Municipal Assembly of People's Power, with its Commissions and an Administrative Council, Popular Councils and corresponding Circumscriptions.
The demography of Guantánamo is endowed with a laborious and hospitable town, it has a total of 505,854 inhabitants, of which 253,448 are women representing 50.1% and 252,406 men representing 49.8%. The population density of the territory is 83.6 inhab / km2, which is much higher in the cities of Guantánamo and Baracoa.
Economy of Guantanamo
Agriculture is the economic base of Guantánamo, it is the one that offers the largest volume of raw material to the food and wood industry. Its main productions are coffee (second producer in the country), sugarcane, coconut and cocoa (representing 90 and 67% of national production, respectively), among other productions are various crops, milk, meat, eggs, wood and fruit trees.
Regarding education in Guantánamo, the destination has an infrastructure that covers all levels of education, primary, middle, upper-middle and higher, where there is qualified staff to pay attention to the enrollment of students for each level every year.
he territory has a rich sporting tradition, being the birthplace of several Olympic and world champions, such as the three-time Olympic boxing champion Felix Savon, the javelinist María Caridad Colón, the first Olympic medalist in Latin America and the judoka Driulis González, among others.
The most practiced religions in the territory are Catholic, Adventist, Baptist and Pentecostal, as well as Afro-Cuban religions.