Its provincial capital is the City of Guantánamo, whose foundation in 1797 produced a boom for it due to the influence of Franco-Haitian emigrants and the socioeconomic confluence of its agriculture, the salt works, and the establishment of the illegal United States Naval Base on the border. Caimanera area, that generated cultural traditions such as the Fiesta del Changüí, the Congas and the Carnivals. In addition, assets such as the Piedras Zoo, unique in the world; the Cuban semi-desert and the Los Monitongos massif.
Through the monumental Viaduct La Farola it ascends to the Primate City of Cuba Our Lady of the Assumption of Baracoa with more than half a millennium; Landscape City, a Natural Paradise surrounded by El Yunque, virgin forests of great biodiversity and exuberant endemic vegetation, habitat of the Caracol de la Polymita and other important species of high endemism, in the environment of a large hydrographic basin with rivers such as the Toa, Duaba, Yumurí. Very authentic for its culture and history, nuanced by its typical products derived from cocoa, coconut and other crops, enlisted with traditions such as those of the Feast of Waters and Nengón and Kiribá.
The easternmost end of the Maisí Lighthouse and its Caribbean Terraces, is a land of struggles for independence, of history, of authenticity and cultural diversity, starring its hospitable people who invite you to enjoy ecotourism, excursions and healthy recreation, safe and united in the new times of humanity.