History of Holguin, Cuba The Genoese Admiral Christopher Columbus was right about describing Holguin as "the most beautiful land" in 1492, when he landed his three caravels on the Bariay Cay, gateway to the New World and Holguin was the scene of the historic encounter between cultures, now National Monument Park. It was not until 1720 that the city of Holguín was founded. The city of the parks was called with affection by its neighbors and a cross on the hill near the urban center became another of its symbols. The foundation of the Port of Gibara and its habilitation in 1822 changed the economic panorama of Holguín. From this province thousands of its children would form part of the ranks for the revolutionary struggle from the insurgent leader Calixto García Íñiguez to the Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz. Today it is reflected the foundation of a strong tourist pole of which Guardalavaca is the maximum exponent.