The territory that is now the province of Ciego de Avila was inhabited by two large aborigine groups concentrated in the north and south. Of these inhabitants only remain the vestiges of the archaeological sites. A big number of these is located in Bolivia, and that’s the reason why this municipally is considered the archaeological capital of the province. The most important site is Los Buchillones, located under the municipally of Chambas and has regional interest. Read more...
The earlier origin of the name of Ciego de Ávila has been object of controversy among historians; however it was registered in October 30th of 1577, date when a herd was founded under that name.
A long process of integration economic development and density growth, with several political-administrative divisions, ended in 1976 with the settlement of actual province with the name of Ciego de Avila. Before this date and for many years, its territory was part of the neighbor province of Camagüey. Ciego de Avila was then conformed by 10 municipalities.
The rich history of Ciego de Avila, in which excels the role on the Independence war and the revolutions tasks, has developed a territory with many symbols; one of them had its origin during the first war of the XIX century. During the strife, the insurgent troops crossed from La Trocha of Júcaro to Morón, a fortress built by the Spanish to avoid the progress of the war to Occident. This way, La Trocha became one of the symbols of the province.