The city of Artemisa has been classified as of national interest, because in Cuba, towns that exceed 20,000 residents are automatically considered as such. It is the capital city of the Province of the same name and at the same time the socio-administrative and services center of Artemisa municipality. It has a territorial extension of 510.78 ha. and a population of 44 147 inhabitants that represents 53.6% of the urban municipal population.
The territory and population of city of Artemisa occupy the first place in extension between 29 the other cities at the provincial level. It occupies a central position in the territory, with excellent road communications with all municipalities.