Mayabeque Province was created  from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1st, 2010, the other was  Artemisa Province.

In this  territory is located  the  first  place where the Village of  San Cristóbal de La Habana was found in 1514. It  was transferred to the heights of the Casiguagua River (Almendares at present). Finally, it was moved to the western shore of Carenas Port (Bay of Havana). Even though there are contradictions in that respect, it is believed that one of the most probable places  is the center of the old Hato de San Pedro de Mayabeque.