History of Trinidad, Cuba
Trinidad, Over time it has been suggested that the 19th century was the one with the greatest splendor as far as constructions are concerned. The houses built in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were modified because their owners possessed the wealth of the past centuries and many of the houses had to be transformed according to the construction methods of the 19th century. Already in the twentieth century the current of eclecticism in the town is incorporated, and transformations are carried out that respond to the eclectic codes, mainly in facades, and sometimes planimetrically modify the plant of the trinitarian house of previous centuries.
It is divided into three zones and one of amortization that respond to its historical-architectural values, its integrity and its state of conservation, where the main values given by the conservation of the road layout, the urban environment and the aesthetic value maintained through of historical evolution. The urban structure created around public spaces allows locating parks, squares, squares, museums, tourism, health, education, administrative and housing facilities.
The construction period is between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries in its entirety. Dominate the houses with large doors and spaces that occupy receiving rooms that are reduced to the interior, in most cases there are gardens planted with traditional plants of the city. Predominate Creole tiles, bars and windows, the central courtyard with a decorative sense and the eaves. The facades of the buildings represent decorative and functional elements that are representative of the time. Its pavement is original, characterized by its good state of preservation.
History of Sancti Spíritus, Cuba
It was founded on June 4, 1514 by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, on the banks of the Tuinucú River, in what is now called Pueblo Viejo, about 8 kilometers from its current location, and in 1522 it was moved to its current headquarters on the banks of the Yayabo River. It was the starting point for the Spanish conquest of the Yucatan.
The municipality of Sancti Spíritus was inhabited for the first time by diverse ethnic and aboriginal groups. It is said that each of them had the job of hunters because it was the only thing they had learned in their lands.
Francisco Iznaga, a rich owner settled in the eastern region of Cuba during the first decades of the colonization of the island, was elected in 1540 alderman of the village of Bayamo, founded in 1513 by Diego Velázquez. Iznaga was a member of a family that originated a lineage that finally settled in Trinidad and Sancti Spíritus, in the south-central part of the island.
In the second half of that century, there were several groups of conspirators for the independence of Cuba in the region. Among them, Serafín Sánchez (1846-1896) stands out. The region and its capital city were fully involved in the wars of independence between 1868 and 1898.
Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this region was very important for the cultivation of sugar cane, the main economic source of the country.